Guidelines for authors

Size :

The article must be between 30 000 and 45 000 characters.

Submission :

The texts must be submitted electronically in .doc or .rtf format (no pdf file).

Please do give your name to the sent file name or at least or at-least one of the authors’ names in the case of an article written by several people.

Article Style and Format :

Presentation standards

  • Text font: Times New Roman; Size: 12
  • 1.5 between lines
  • Text in Justify mode
  • Margins: 2.5 to bottom, top, right, left
  • Space before and after paragraphs: 0; Paragraphs are created by line breaks.

Do not insert particular layout: no space before and after paragraphs, no withdrawal line, no use predefined styles, etc.

Keep italic fashion to foreign expressions (see below) and references (names of magazines, titles of books and theses), and fat way to titles.

Title and Subtitle

  • As for the rest of the text, use the least possible enrichment level titles.
  • In any case, do not exceed three levels of security (eg, I., A., 1., or 1, 1.1, 1.1.1.).
  • The editor will handle the style of titles, but you must ensure that the hierarchy of your titles is very clear to an external reader: I., A., I. or 1., 1., 1.1. for example.
  • Do not use automatic titles style.

Titles, inter-titles, “short pre-introduction” or “chapeau” (see below) and high page articles remain the responsibility of the journal, which reserves the right to change those proposed by the author.

Article beginning

At the beginning of the document, before you enter the text as such, must be included:

  • The title of the article, in uppercase; please make sure that the title is explicit and not too long
  • Below: your name (in capitals) and first name (all lowercase), your status and your institutional affiliation (university, laboratory, business, etc.) for example: Lise GASTALDI Lecturer in management, LEST, University Aix-Marseille II
  • A « short pre-introduction” or “chapeau” shall be proposed by the author (between 3 and 7 lines). Its aim is to introduced the topic of your article in terms that make you want to drive number reading this article:
    • example: « Through the example of philately, this article focuses on the conditions of emergence and development of a market. In this perspective, it highlights the role of founder quality standards and conventions, the definition is needed for desingularization trade and protection of the value of the traded object. « 
    • each « Chapeau » proposed by the authors will be evaluated and, if needed, reshaped by the editorial committee.

Table, figures, images

Table, diagram, illustration, etc. are placed in the text, when a reference is made in the text to it. There are no notes to items.

All table, diagram, illustration must be numbered and named (below indicate the source if applicable).

If your are presenting an image in your article, please do send us the image in a “image” standard to improve quality of the printed version.


Footnotes are placed at the bottom of the page in which they referred.

They are numbered from 1 to n over the entire length of the article.

The page footnotes are in font Times New Roman, size 10, justified text, single space.

The index referring to footnotes page in the text are 12 font; they are located immediately after the element of the article that needs to be supported by this note and / or refers to the content of this note without space (in French index is placed before any punctuation, unlike what is done in English).

Footnotes end with a point.


Citations are placed in footnotes; there is no bibliography at the end of articles.

Citation references mode : two options

  • 1- a footnote, with no reference into the text of the author name (or of the date, etc.)
  • 2- a mention in the text of the reference + footnote at the bottom for the complete reference
    • If this option is selected then the following elements must be included in the footnote text:
      • The name
      • capitalize only the first letter
      • not the first name
      • if two authors: Revel and Martin (in the text use « and » – never & – wether the authors are French or Foreigners)
      • If more than two authors: P. Fridenson et alii
      • if several authors, put them in the order presented by the the original article or book
  • The Year
  • The quoted pages, in the following style : “p.17”; no space between p. and the page number (or pages: p.17-23); it is requested that the pages are indicated, and it is essential in case of a full quotation, the use of numbers or accurate data.
Style of the footnote:

References are made in footnotes page, so like all footer notes, they must be in Times New Roman, 10, justified text, with no early withdrawal line, single-space.

Example: as described by Mintzberg in his 1994 book[1]

If your are using multiple references to the same footnote page, separate them by semicolons; and rank in ascending chronological order.

References should be presenteded according to the following models:


 J.-F. Brun, Faux et truqués, Paris, Éditions Loisirs et Culture, 1989.

  • Initial (s) of the name, lowercase name, book title in italics, place of publication, publisher, date (year), if possible number of pages.
  • J.-F. for Jean-François: For French names, if there are two initial, it means that it is usually a composed first name, therefore the dash is needed.
Collective book

 Camagni R., D. Maillat, Milieu innovateurs : théorie et politiques, Paris, Économica, 2006.

  • Commas are separating the names of different authors.
Coordinated collective

RK Bresser, MA Hitt, RD Nixon and Heuskel D. (eds.), Winning Strategies in a Deconstructing World, New York, John Wiley and Sons Ltd, 2000.

  • Application of « eds » or « ed. » if there is only one director and dir. for French books.
  • Spaces between the initial of the first name when there Anglo-Saxon authors.
Chapter, contribution to a collective book
  1. Ernst, « Global Production networks in East Asia’s electronics industry in Malaysia and upgrading prospects », in Yusuf S. (ed.), Global Production Networking and Technological Change in East Asia, Washington DC, World Bank and Oxford University Press, 2004, p.78-101.
Chapter, collective contribution to a collective book
  1. Charreire et F. Durieux, « Explorer et tester », in R.-A.Thiétart (dir.), Méthodes de recherche en management, Paris, Dunod, 1999, p. 57-80.
Journal article
  1. Jones, « Corporate Governance and British Industry », Entreprises et Histoire, n° 21, juin 1999, p.29-43.
  2. Karpik, « L’économie de la qualité », Revue française de sociologie, vol.30, n° 2, 1989, p.187-210.
  • Initial (s) of the name, lowercase name, title of article in quotes, journal name in italics, volume, number, month, year, pages.
  • In French, the months are not taking uppercase, unlike English.
  • No space between volume and number, like between n° and volume
Collective journal article

DB Audretsch, Feldman MP, « R & D Spillovers and the Geography of Innovation and Production », American Economic Review, vol.86, No. 3, 1996, p. 630-640

PhD Thesis
  1. Delemarle, Les leviers de l’action de l’entrepreneur institutionnel : le cas des micro et nanotechnologies et du pôle de Grenoble, thèse de doctorat de sciences de gestion, École Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées-Université de Marne-la-Vallée, 2007.
Communication in a conference
  1. Belussi, “In Search of a Useful Theory of Spatial Clustering”, DRUID Summer Conference “Industrial Dynamics, Innovation and Development”, Elsinore, Denmark, June 2004, p.14-15.
  2. Calmé et D. Chabault, « Les Pôles de Compétitivité: renouvellement ou continuité dans l’étude des systèmes territorialisés ? », XVIe Conférence Internationale de Management Stratégique, Montréal, 6-9 juin 2007.

Please do provide the greatest attention to your bibliography. You must include all the requested information (publisher, place of publication, pages, etc.). The bibliography presentation shall be rigourous and follow all the requirements specified above.

Style and expressions

Expressions and words from other languages

For words and phrases in Latin (a priori, a posteriori, ex ante, ex post, via, versus, etc.), in English, etc., Please use the italic mode.

– Example: « one would think a priori that it was … »

The italics mode will only be used for this type of word or expression. reserved for this one job.


Quotation shall be written between double quotes.

  • Example: as noted Revel (1987, p.18): « the steel sector businesses … »
  • Please do not forget to present the precise book or article page from which the quotation has bee used.

For a quote within a quote, single quotes ‘”..” must to be used.

Various remarks on form
  • Please do insert accents on capital letters, with the command « inserting special characters »: É, Ê, Á, Â, È, Î, etc. ; idem for ç capitalized.
  • Punctuation and spaces:
    • properly inserted non-breaking spaces before or after quotes, semicolons, question mark, to avoid having – at the time of the layout by the publisher – signs that stand alone in end or beginning of the line.
    • there should not be any space just after or just before a parenthesis: (as says Mr Martin ) => no
    • in French there is a space before the colon « : », which is not the case in English, same with question marks, semicolons and exclamation points
    • in French quotes are used: « … » with non-breaking spaces before and after the quotation marks; English is used quotation marks: « Chapter 11 » without a space before and after the quotes.
    • no punctuation should separate the subject of the verb in a sentence when they follow.
  • Mind the spelling of certain French words:
    • Moyen Âge ; Première Guerre mondiale ; Seconde Guerre mondiale ; entre- deux-guerres ;
    • Île-de-France
    • Chiffre d’affaires
  • The dates will be noted as well: 1978 and not 78; 1960 and not the 60’s or 60’s.
  • The centuries will be marked with Roman numerals: eg XXcentury
  • For people mentioned in the text, you must specify the name and first name, or only the surname (avoid the initials for the first name).
  • The use of figures is limited to dates, to numbers greater than or equal to ten, percentages and charts and graphs with numerical data.
  • For percentages: You can use the% sign in the text; you will not put space between the number and the% sign
    • example: 18% of the sector …
  • In terms of conjugation, attention to time used, and consider harmonizing time employees (choice of past or present particular).
  • Do not use an &  in the text unless it is a company name, for example a consulting firm.
  • Etc. do not forget the point.


Style and content

If an article published in Entreprises et Histoire are of course research articles – i.e. sometimes complex -, they must however be understandable by readers who, could be teachers, researchers, students, etc. . Most of the time, they are not experts of the subject. This note aims to draw authors’ attention to the fact that great care must be taken to the clarification of ideas and theoretical debates. Allusions must be avoided to things known only by them or their immediate community. An excess of non explained jargon to non-specialists have to be cleary rejected.


Deliverables to be sent with the article:

You must send us in addition to the text of your article, and always in electronic format (.doc or .rtf files):

  • (If possible) A summary of your article in French (200 to 500 words) which helps the reader understand the topic and to evaluate the benefits.
  • A summary of your article in English (between 200 and 500 words), with the title of the article also translated into English.
  • A biographical note (between 50 and 150 words) stating your full name, your current position (position, title, institution), possibly elements related to your initial training, your research areas and one or two publications (the latest and / or the largest).
  • Your postal and email contact details


Evaluation process (for a non requesetd article):

  • You send your article to one member of the Editorial Committee (with all the requests presented above).
  • Your paper will be evaluated according to a double-bind classical process; the paper can be accepted, amendments can be requested or the paper may be rejected.
  • When a paper is finally accepted, it is sent to the editor which puts him in shape.
  • The author or authors of the article to receive (s) then the « first printed draft » of their paper. They need to read, as fast as possible to check if there are no errors, omissions, etc. They receive the text in pdf format, which has to be printed, read, corrected on paper and returned. This corrected version has to be mailed to the responsible secretary of the editorial volume. All details will be specified in the mail accompanied pdf proofs. The deadline for return of the first printed version is also specified.
  • The editorial committe does the same job and then send the new version of Article integrating its corrections and those made by the author or authors of the article to the editor. Specify two things at this stage of the process.
  • If the authors do not return their requested correction in the time, their corrections will not be taken into account. Only those made by the editorial committee will be.
  • In addition, the editorial committee reserves the right not to include all compensation claims made by the authors. The main reason is to avoid growing cost for corrections sent after the deadline. Therefore authors are requested to suggest as few corrections as possible (and if possible only on the form of the paper). They shall provide a great care to their article before it reaches the point, already well advanced, tests.
  • The editor returns a second set of the corrected paper, after being accepted by the chief editor. It is therefore imperative that all corrections by the authors shall be written on the initial papers or on the latest corrected version.